Aquacultura Indonesiana (2008), 9 (1) : 39a��47
Peranan Nutrisi dan Teknik Pemberian Pakan dalam Peningkatan ProduksiA�Akuakultur yang Berkelanjutan
Program Studi Akuakultur, Jurusan Perikanan FPIK Universitas Diponegoro
Jl. Hayam Wuruk 4A, Semarang
Agung Sudaryono. 2008. Roles of nutrition and feeding technique in improvement of sustainable aquacultureA�production. Aquacultura Indonesiana, 9 (1): 39a��47. All aquaculture production under an intensive system dependsA�on a controlled management of feeding practices which should provide for the essential nutrients and energy in theA�most acceptable form and manner. It is clearly agreed that global aquaculture production will continue to increase,A�and much of this will occur in the developing countries of Asia and Africa, through the expansion of semi-intensive,A�small-scale pond aquaculture. Aquaculture has a major role in ensuring nutritional security of humans. NutritionA�and feeding play a central and essential role in the sustained development of aquaculture and, therefore, fertilizersA�and feed resources continue to dominate aquaculture needs. This paper reviews a number of specific issues in theA�fields of aquatic animal nutrition and feeding which are critical for sustainable aquaculture production in bothA�industrialized and developing countries, e.g.: the importance of nutrition and feeding on productivity, environmentalA�and product quality and food safety; the functional role of nutrition in ensuring complete domestication includingA�reproductive success and larval development; and feed technology and management of feeding practices. InA�conclusion, more pay attention should be addressed to aquaculturists in order to have carefully in assessing theA�impact of nutrient loading in the aquatic environment and use both science and judgment for reducing suchA�impacts. Furthermore, a careful balance between environment, health/disease resistance and feed use should beA�maintained, so that the system does not deteriorate and negatively impact market value and consumer confidence.A�Recommendations for improvement of nutrition and feeding protocols in support of sustainable aquacultureA�development are also made.
Keywords: Sustainable Aquaculture; Environment; Nutrition; Feeding; Production